The US Open started with the name of US National Championships as a part time event 125 years ago and is now the most profitable tennis tournament in the world. It has expanded from a men’s single tournament that entertained the upper class to a tournament that includes men’s and women’s events as well as singles, doubles and mixed doubles events. In August, 1881, the first US National Championships took place in Newport Casino. Only members of the US National Lawn Tennis Association could take part in this event. Newport remained the country’s tennis centre for thirty four years after that.
The US Mixed Doubles Championship officially started in 1892. The Philadelphia Cricket Club hosted the first official women’s national singles championship in 1887 and the women’s doubles started in 1889. Arthur Ashe, a black American, won the first men’s final at the US Open in 1964. A British player, Virginia Wade claimed the inaugural women’s US Open title five months into her professional career. They named the Arthur Ashe Stadium after the first male winner and this became the main stadium. This is now court two in the Louis Armstrong Stadium.
The US Open is the fourth and final Grand Slam tournament. Juan Martin Del Potro overcame Roger Federer to become the 2009 Men’s Champion and Kim Clijsters beat Caroline Wozniacki to claim the 2009 US Open women’s championship title. Thousands of people world-wide tune in to watch their favourite players in US Open. The event is respected for its drama and is revered for its history.
The United States Open tennis championship is the fourth and final Grand Slam of tennis tournament every year. Held in August and September every year for 2 weeks, the championship was started in 1881 and is now played at Flushing Meadows-Corona Park in Queens, New York City at the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis. There are final set tie breaks in US Open tournament, however, in other Grand Slams tournaments; the deciding set is continued until it is won by 2 games. The event features men’s and women’s doubles, men’s and women’s singles and mixed doubles. You also get to see junior, senior and wheelchair players.
Originally played on grass, the US open shifted to Har-Tru clay courts in 1975 for three years. The US Open surface again changed to current Deco Turf and the game is still played on the same surface. The fast surface offers much less friction and low bounce, thus benefitting serve-and-volley players. Jimmy Connors won the US Open singles title on all surfaces. Hawk-Eye computer system was implemented for the first time in 2006 which facilitated immediate replay reviews of calls. While the outer courts are green, the inner courts are given blue color for more visibility of the ball on a TV screen.
The main court is the Arthur Ashe Stadium with 24,000 seats. Other courts are Louis Armstrong Stadium with a seating capacity of 10,000 seats and Grandstand Stadium with more than 1000 seats. There are 600 male and female professional players who fight for prize money of over US$19 million. While Juan Martin Del Potro defeated Roger Federer in the Men’s Singles in 2009, Kim Clijsters defeated Caroline Wozniacki in Women’s singles.